ADES Field ValuesThe Minor Planet Center is responsible for maintaining lists of allowable values for certain fields in the ADES format. These lists are given below.
If you require additions to any of these lists, please open a Jira ticket. In particular, please note that use of an unlisted value in any of these fields will cause a batch to be rejected. You must ensure that, e.g., new catalogs are present in the "authorized list" before submitting observations using those catalogs.
mode (Instrumentation Type)
The field "mode" is used to indicate the type of instrument that made the observation. Occultation observations are included here as they are derived observations, not measured observations, from various sources. Some modes are of historical interest only and should not appear on modern observations. In the table below, the description of such historical modes are shown in italics.
mode Description CCD Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) CMO Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) VID Video frames PHO Photographic ENC Encoder PMT Photo-Multiplier Tube MIC Micrometer MER Meridian/Transit Circle TDI Time-delay Integration CCD OCC Occultation UNK UnknownNormal places and video normal places, which were present in the MPC 1992 mode column, are indicated by observing notes.
stn/trx/rsv (Observatory Codes)The current list of observatory codes is available here.
astCat/photCat (Star Catalogs)The catalogs used for astrometric and photometric reductions are listed in the table below. Deprecated catalog descriptions are given in italics (and many of these will only appear on historical observations). Observers using any of these deprecated catalogues should switch to a more modern catalogue.
*Cat Description Gaia_Int Gaia_Int PS1_DR1 PanSTARRS-1 DR 1 PS1_DR2 PanSTARRS-1 DR 2 ATLAS2 ATLAS-REFCAT 2 Gaia3 Gaia DR 3 Gaia3E Gaia EDR 3 Gaia2 Gaia DR 2 Gaia1 Gaia DR 1 Gaia_2016 Gaia epoch 2016 NOMAD NOMAD PPMXL PPM-XL UBSC USNO Bright-star Catalog UCAC5 UCAC 5 UCAC4 UCAC 4 URAT1 URAT 1 2MASS 2MASS UCAC3 UCAC 3 UCAC2 UCAC 2 UCAC1 UCAC 1 USNOB1 USNO B1.0 USNOA2 USNO A2.0 USNOSA2 USNO SA2.0 USNOA1 USNO A1.0 USNOSA1 USNO SA1.0 Tyc2 Tycho 2 Tyc1 Tycho 1 Hip2 Hipparcos 2 Hip1 Hipparcos 1 ACT ACT GSCACT GSC-ACT GSC2.3 GSC 2.3 GSC2.2 GSC 2.2 GSC1.2 GSC 1.2 GSC1.1 GSC 1.1 GSC1.0 GSC 1.0 GSC GSC (unspecified version) SDSS8 SDSS DR8 SDSS7 SDSS DR7 CMC15 CMC 15 CMC14 CMC 14 SSTRC4 SST-RC4 SSTRC1 SST-RC1 MPOSC3 MPOSC 3 PPM PPM AC Astrographic Catalogue SAO1984 SAO 1984 SAO SAO AGK3 AGK 3 FK4 FK4 ACRS ACRS LickGas Lick Gaspra Catalogue Ida93 Ida93 Catalogue Perth70 Perth 70 COSMOS COSMOS/UKST Southern Sky Catalogue Yale Yale ZZCAT USNO Zodiacal Zone Catalog IHW International Halley Watch GZ Giacobini-Zinner Catalogue UNK UNKNOWN
band (Photometric Passbands)Deprecated passband descriptions are given in single quotes. Use of the deprecated passbands may be normal for observers who are producing only rough photometry. The single-character form for the special ATLAS passbands are also deprecated.
band Description Vj Johnson-Cousins V Rc Johnson-Cousins R Ic Johnson-Cousins I Bj Johnson-Cousins B Uj Johnson-Cousins U Sg Sloan g band Sr Sloan r band Si Sloan i band Sz Sloan z band Pg Pan-STARRS g band Pr Pan-STARRS r band Pi Pan-STARRS i band Pz Pan-STARRS z band Pw Pan-STARRS w band Py Pan-STARRS y band Ao ATLAS o band Ac ATLAS c band U 'U band' B 'Photographic' V 'Visual' R 'Red' I 'Near IR' g 'g band' r 'r band' i 'i band' z 'z band' w 'w band' y 'y band' o 'ATLAS o band' c 'ATLAS c band' G Gaia G band Gb Gaia G_BP band Gr Gaia G_RP band W Wide J '1.275 micron band' H '1.662 micron band' K '2.159 micron band' Y '1.035 micron band' C 'Clear' [MUST NOT BE USED ON NEW SUBMISSIONS] L 'Unknown' [MUST NOT BE USED ON NEW SUBMISSIONS] u 'Unknown' [MUST NOT BE USED ON NEW SUBMISSIONS]
notes (Observing Notes)Up to six observing notes may be specified on an observations. Deprecated notes descriptions, that do not apply to modern observing modes, are in italics.
note Description A Earlier approximate position inferior a Sense of motion ambiguous B Bright sky/black or dark plate b Bad seeing c Crowded star field D Declination uncertain d Diffuse image E At or near edge of plate/frame F Faint image f Involved with emulsion, plate or CCD flaw G Poor guiding g No guiding H Hand measurement of CCD image h Observed through cloud/haze I Involved with star i Inkdot measured K Stacked image k Stare-mode observation by scanning system M Measurement difficult m Image tracked on object motion N Near edge of plate, measurement uncertain n Normal place O Image out of focus o Plate measured in one direction only P Position uncertain p Poor image R Right ascension uncertain r Poor distribution of reference stars S Poor sky s Streaked image T Time uncertain t Trailed image U Uncertain image u Unconfirmed image V Very faint image W Weak image w Weak solution
photMod (Photometric Model Used for Photometry Residuals)
photMod Description HG HG model H HG model, assumed G HG1G2 HG1G2 model HG12 HG1,2 model NEATM NEA Thermal Model FRM Fast Rotator Model